Name:

What is Science? (fillin)

  1. Science is ________________________________ of natural phenomena. It is not just a collection of facts. Science seeks to discover more universal principles which explain phenomena.
  2. Science is an activity of the ________________________________ and by its nature is open-ended. Scientific knowledge will never be complete.
  3. Science begins with careful recorded ________________________________. Observations require selection and a frame of reference.
  4. Science requires careful ________________________________ of observations, processes and theories.
  5. Science is ________________________________ with others (this is why careful descriptions are necessary!).
  6. Science is ________________________________ knowledge. As people share observations and explanations a body of knowledge is created and grows. This in term leads to further questions.
  7. Science depends on individuals' ________________________________. Science advances when someone is curious!
  8. Science requires ________________________________. Verifying observations, testing explanations and trying to disprove theories are key to science. If an idea cannot be tested, then it is not science.

"Science is a particular way of knowing about the world. In science, explanations are restricted to those that can be inferred from confirmable data - the results obtained through observations and experiments that can be substantiated by other scientists. . . . Explanations that cannot be based upon empirical evidence are not a part of science. "  National Academy of Sciences

Some Definitions

Phenomena
Plural of phenomenon; a fact, occurrence, or circumstance observed or observable: the phenomena of nature. Freedictionary external arrow
Science
a ________________________________ of building ________________________________ or models of what the universe consists of, how it is put together, and how it functions.
Scientific Law
a ________________________________ of a ________________________________ occurrence that has been observed many times. Examples include the law of gravity and the law of buoyancy.
Scientific Theory
a reasonable ________________________________ of a scientific law. Derived from ________________________________ testing of a hypothesis. A theory can never be proven true.
Scientific Model
a way to represent something in science that we cannot ________________________________ or is ________________________________ to work with exactly. Examples include models of atoms (too small) and weather models (very complicated).
Scientific Method
a way to investigate problems by gathering information in an organized way and using logical steps to arrive at an explanation.