Meristem Essentials



  1. Define a bud external arrow.
  2. Buds may be described by their location and by their 'fate'. A bud at the tip of a shoot is a _________ bud.
  3. Buds at the location where the leaf attaches to the stem (the leaf axil) are called ____________ buds.
  4. Vegetative buds develop into ____________.
  5. ____________ buds develop into flowers
  6. ____________ buds produce both shoots and flowers.
  7. Meristem cells are capable of becoming _________ type of cell.
  8. Apical meristem allows the plant to have __________ growth. (primary or secondary)
  9. Why are apical meristems the meristems of shoots and roots?
  10. Compare and contrast primary and secondary growth.
  11. Why are lateral meristem needed by the plant?
  12. What does having intercalary meristem allow some grasses to still grow after the plant is grazed by an animal?
  13. Why are the trunks of some trees protected from damage by rabbits (and weed eaters) by fencing?
  14. Describe two lateral meristems external arrow.


Each drawing is evaluated using a Visual Presentations Rubric

  1. External structure: Sketch a woody dicot showing the locations of meristem tissue. Label the shoot and root apical meristems, lateral meristem (vascular cambium and cork cambium).