Final Review 2009

  1. Horticulture is the art and science of ____
  2. The process that uses light energy to create an organic compound from a gas is called ____
  3. What is the primary function of the leaf? ____
  4. The process that moves water and nutrients from the roots to the leaves is called ____
  5. What do stomata do for the plant? ____
  6. The guard cells around a stomata close the stomata when ____
  7. What are the primary functions of the stem? ____
  8. What structures might you find at a node? ____
  9. A plant structure made of group of tubes with some tubes moving water and minerals and other tubes moving sugars is called ____
  10. Water and dissolved minerals are transported from root to leaf by the ____
  11. Sugars are transported from the leaf to root by the ____
  12. Primary plant growth occurs at the ____
  13. Describe how transplant shock works.
  14. Which plant specimen has a fibrous root system, a tap root? ____
  15. Which plant specimen has an alternate leaf pattern, an opposite? a whorled? ____
  16. Describe two methods for breaking dormancy ____
  17. The two main ways to propagate plants are ____
  18. Damping-off organisms are ____
  19. What are the symptoms of damping-off? ____
  20. Where do damping-off organisms live? ____
  21. What is the most important method for controlling damping-off? ____
  22. The process of grouping things together on the basis of the features they have in common is called ____
  23. Another name for Black-eyed Susan is Rudbeckia hirta, which is its ________ name
  24. A snapdragon is named Antirrhinum nanum 'Frosted Flames'. This name describes a ____
  25. A marigold is described as Tagetes patula x erecta. This marigold is a ____
  26. Define annual, biennial and perennial ____
  27. Describe the three components of a typical soil. ____
  28. The relative proportions of sand, silt and clay in a soil is its ____
  29. Rank the three soil particle sizes from biggest to smallest. ____
  30. The three macro plant nutrients in soil are ____
  31. What are three mobile nutrients? ____
  32. Of the macro nutrients the most important for vegetative growth is ____
  33. Of the macro nutrients the most important for root and fruit production is ____
  34. Of the macro nutrients the most important for general plant health is ____
  35. The most effective way to improve soil structure is to add ____
  36. The pH scale is used to measure a soil's ____
  37. Most plants grow best with a soil pH of ____
  38. To balance the acidity of the peat moss we added __________ to our potting soil mix.
  39. The fertilizer package reads 10 - 15 - 5. Explain what these numbers mean. ____
  40. If you really want to improves the overall condition of your soil you should add ____
  41. Diagram and label a plant using these terms: leaf, petiole, blade, stipule, margin, stomata, guard cells, leaflet, opposite, axial bud, bark, cambium, internode, leaf scar, node, stems, terminal bud, roots, root cap, root hair, lateral root, primary root. ____
  42. Describe how you would tell if a plant might be deficient in a mobile nutrient. ____
  43. Describe how you create a microclimate in your dream landscape and what makes it different from the rest of your yard. ____