Adapted from Bloom's Taxonomy of the Cognitive Domain

Source: Washington State OSPI Science Grade Level Expectations

Cognitive Demand Performance Indicator Terms

Recall - Remembering previously learned materials.

Evidence of Learning:

  • Recognize common science terms and symbols in text (cm., g., sec.)
  • Memorize methods and procedures.
  • Identify basic concepts and principles.
Match, Define, Repeat, Memorize, Label/Name, Outline/Format, Recount, Record, Recognize, Identify, Sort, List, State

Understand - Grasping the meaning of material: transition, interpretation, extrapolation.

Evidence of Learning:

  • Make, confirm and revise prediction based on prior knowledge and
  • Evidence from investigations.
  • Translate equations to charts or graphs.
  • Interpret the author's statement of a concept and support the answer with text based evidence.
Locate, Identify, Restate, Paraphrase, Describe, Summarize, Cite, Document/Support, Infer, Predict, Illustrate, Show, Express, Explain

Generalize - Using learned material in new situations.

Evidence of Learning:

  • Use monitoring strategies to increase comprehension.
  • Apply laws, theories to practical situations.
  • Solve mathematical problems; constructs charts and graphs.
Select, Use, Manipulate, Organize, Imagine, Test, Demonstrate, Solve, Dramatize, Frame

Breakdown - Breaking down material into its component parts so that it may be more easily understood.

Evidence of Learning:

  • Compare and contrast different interpretations to data from an investigation.
  • Generalize about processes, concepts, and common themes from multiple sources.
  • Examine how an action leads to long lasting effects.
  • Debate relevancy of data.
Examine, Classify, Research, Debate/Defend, Map, Characterize, Compare/Contrast, Conclude/Draw Conclusions, Refute, Similarities/Differences, Distinguish/Differentiate, Relate to, Outline, Generalize

Compose - Putting material together to form a new whole.

Evidence of Learning

  • Integrate information from multiple sources for a variety of purposes.
  • Write a laboratory report that includes conclusions and discussion.
  • Propose a plan for an investigation.
Propose, Plan, Compose, Formulate, Design, Construct, Imagine/Speculate, Create, Invent, Integrate, Emulate

Judge according to a set of criteria stated by the evaluator.

Evidence of Learning

  • Read an article and decide if it report science concepts correctly.
  • Develop a list of favorite authors and books, including the reason each was selected.
  • Judge the effectiveness of the author's conclusions.
Evaluate, Judge, Weigh, Consider, Appraise, Recommend, Select the Best/Tell Why, Critique/Criticize, Choose/Justify Choice, Scale, Value