Sedimentary Rocks Vocabulary Quiz

  1. ____ alluvial
  2. ____ breccia
  3. ____ chemical rocks
  4. ____ chert
  5. ____ clastic rocks
  6. ____ coal
  7. ____ Compaction
  8. ____ Cementation
  9. ____ conglomerates
  10. ____ coquina
  11. ____ coral reef
  12. ____ deltas
  13. ____ detritus
  14. ____ erosion
  15. ____ glacier
  16. ____ limestone
  17. ____ lithification
  18. ____ playa
  19. ____ sandstone
  20. ____ shale
  21. ____ sorting
  22. ____ weathering
  1. Sedimentary rocks formed by precipitation.
  2. Precipitates from water solutions bind detritus together. The most important lithification process.
  3. Removal of material by wind, water, ice.
  4. Sedimentary rock composed of calcite (CaCO3) deposited by organic or biochemical means. Most abundant sedimentary rock.
  5. Sedimentary rock composed of sand.
  6. Disintegration and decomposition of rock.
  7. Flat, undrained desert basin.
  8. Hard rocks made of microcrystalline silica. Examples are flint, jasper and agate.
  9. Sedimentary rock formed of rounded, gravel-sized particles.
  10. Mineral and rock fragments described by size: clay, silt, sand, gravel.
  11. Highly-altered organic matter compressed into a sedimentary rock.
  12. Massive calcite-rich structures built by small marine animals.
  13. The degree of similarity of particle sizes.
  14. Fine grained sedimentary rock composed of silt or clay particles.
  15. The process of cementing and compaction that converts sediments into rock.
  16. Related to streams.
  17. Sedimentary rock texture formed of broken rock fragments.
  18. Sediment accumulation formed where a stream enters a lake or ocean.
  19. Biochemical limestone of poorly cemented shells and shell fragments.
  20. Thick mass of flowing ice.
  21. Sedimentary rock with angular fragments.
  22. Process of over-lying layers pressing sediments together, reducing the pore space.