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Sedimentary Rocks Vocabulary Quiz


 
  1. ____ alluvial
  2. ____ breccia
  3. ____ chemical rocks
  4. ____ chert
  5. ____ clastic rocks
  6. ____ coal
  7. ____ Compaction
  8. ____ Cementation
  9. ____ conglomerates
  10. ____ coquina
  11. ____ coral reef
  12. ____ deltas
  13. ____ detritus
  14. ____ erosion
  15. ____ glacier
  16. ____ limestone
  17. ____ lithification
  18. ____ playa
  19. ____ sandstone
  20. ____ shale
  21. ____ sorting
  22. ____ weathering
  1. Biochemical limestone of poorly cemented shells and shell fragments.
  2. Disintegration and decomposition of rock.
  3. Fine grained sedimentary rock composed of silt or clay particles.
  4. Flat, undrained desert basin.
  5. Hard rocks made of microcrystalline silica. Examples are flint, jasper and agate.
  6. Highly-altered organic matter compressed into a sedimentary rock.
  7. Massive calcite-rich structures built by small marine animals.
  8. Mineral and rock fragments described by size: clay, silt, sand, gravel.
  9. Precipitates from water solutions bind detritus together. The most important lithification process.
  10. Process of over-lying layers pressing sediments together, reducing the pore space.
  11. Related to streams.
  12. Removal of material by wind, water, ice.
  13. Sediment accumulation formed where a stream enters a lake or ocean.
  14. Sedimentary rock composed of calcite (CaCO3) deposited by organic or biochemical means. Most abundant sedimentary rock.
  15. Sedimentary rock composed of sand.
  16. Sedimentary rock formed of rounded, gravel-sized particles.
  17. Sedimentary rock texture formed of broken rock fragments.
  18. Sedimentary rock with angular fragments.
  19. Sedimentary rocks formed by precipitation.
  20. The degree of similarity of particle sizes.
  21. The process of cementing and compaction that converts sediments into rock.
  22. Thick mass of flowing ice.