- d = cleavage
- e = crystal
- i = deposition
- m = erosion
- l = fracture
- j = igneous
- o = lithification
- c = luster
- g = metamorphic
- k = mineral
- h = rock
- n = sedimentary
- a = topography
- b = uplift
- f = weathering
- The Earth's surface contour including slope, elevation and aspect.
- Process where rocks are exposed to weathering and erosion.
- The appearance of the light reflected from the mineral's surface.
- Some minerals will break along lines of weakness according to the chemical bonds that make up the mineral leaving flat surfaces of varying smoothness.
- The external form that a mineral has reflecting the orderly internal arrangement of its atoms.
- The breaking down of pre-existing rocks at the Earth's surface by chemical and mechanical action.
- Rocks forming from other rocks that have been subjected to heat and pressure.
- An aggregate of one or more minerals.
- When sediments are laid down in a new location.
- A rock forming from the cooling and crystallization of liquid rock.
- A naturally occurring, inorganic solid with crystalline form, and specific chemical composition.
- This is the way some minerals break along irregular surfaces.
- Removal and transportation of weathered materials.
- Rocks formed at the Earth's surface by the hydrological system (involves weathering, erosion, deposition and lithification).
- When sediments turn to hard rock by being compacted by the weight of more sediment and cemented by minerals.