Name:

Minerals and Rocks Vocabulary Quiz

  1. ____ cleavage
  2. ____ color
  3. ____ crystal
  4. ____ density
  5. ____ deposition
  6. ____ erosion
  7. ____ fracture
  8. ____ igneous
  9. ____ lithification
  10. ____ luster
  11. ____ metamorphic
  12. ____ mineral
  13. ____ ore
  14. ____ rock
  15. ____ sedimentary
  16. ____ streak
  17. ____ topography
  18. ____ uplift
  19. ____ weathering
  1. A naturally occurring, inorganic solid with crystalline form, and specific chemical composition.
  2. A rock is an aggregate of one or more minerals.
  3. An igneous rock forms from the cooling and crystallization of liquid rock.
  4. Color of a powered mineral.
  5. Lithification is when sediments turn to hard rock by being compacted by the weight of more sediment and cemented by minerals.
  6. Mass per unit volume.
  7. Process where rocks are exposed to weathering and erosion.
  8. Removal and transportation of weathered materials.
  9. Rock or mineral containing a material valuable to humans.
  10. Rocks changed from their parent rocks by heat and pressure.
  11. Rocks formed at the Earth's surface by the hydrological system. The origin of a sedimentary rock involves weathering, erosion, deposition and lithification.
  12. Some minerals will break along lines of weakness according to the chemical bonds that make up the mineral leaving flat surfaces of varying smoothness.
  13. The Earth's surface contour including slope, elevation and aspect.
  14. The appearance of the light reflected from the mineral's surface.
  15. The breaking down of pre-existing rocks at the Earth's surface by chemical and mechanical action.
  16. The external form that a mineral has reflecting the orderly internal arrangement of its atoms.
  17. This is the way some minerals break along irregular surfaces.
  18. Wavelength(s) of light reflected, refracted or transmitted from a material.
  19. When sediments are laid down in a new location.