- c = cleavage
- m = crystal
- g = deposition
- a = erosion
- n = fracture
- j = igneous
- f = lithification
- b = luster
- l = metamorphic
- i = mineral
- d = rock
- k = sedimentary
- e = topography
- o = uplift
- h = weathering
- Removal and transportation of weathered materials.
- The appearance of the light reflected from the mineral's surface.
- Some minerals will break along lines of weakness according to the chemical bonds that make up the mineral leaving flat surfaces of varying smoothness.
- An aggregate of one or more minerals.
- The Earth's surface contour including slope, elevation and aspect.
- When sediments turn to hard rock by being compacted by the weight of more sediment and cemented by minerals.
- When sediments are laid down in a new location.
- The breaking down of pre-existing rocks at the Earth's surface by chemical and mechanical action.
- A naturally occurring, inorganic solid with crystalline form, and specific chemical composition.
- A rock forming from the cooling and crystallization of liquid rock.
- Rocks formed at the Earth's surface by the hydrological system (involves weathering, erosion, deposition and lithification).
- Rocks forming from other rocks that have been subjected to heat and pressure.
- The external form that a mineral has reflecting the orderly internal arrangement of its atoms.
- This is the way some minerals break along irregular surfaces.
- Process where rocks are exposed to weathering and erosion.