Minerals, Rock Cycle, Igneous and Metamorphic Rock Practice Test

  1. What is a mineral? (Remember there are four parts to this)
  2. Compare and contrast mineral, rock and ore.
  3. An aggregate of two or more minerals is called a ____.
  4. Describe the nine physical properties of minerals?
  5. The color of the powdered mineral is called its _____.
  6. The external form that a mineral has reflecting the orderly internal arrangement of its atoms is called _____.
  7. Why isn't color a reliable identifier of mineral?
  8. What determines the hardness of a mineral? (What determines - not how to determine).
  9. Contrast color and streak.
  10. What could cause one piece of quartz to be milky colored and another to be pink?
  11. Name two tools used to test hardness.
  12. What is the luster, hardness, streak of the mineral 1?
  13. Draw and label the rock cycle.
  14. Igneous rocks are classified by their _____ and ______.
  15. Igneous rocks that cooled slowly underground have ______ crystals.
  16. The color of an igneous rock reflects its ______.
  17. Igneous rocks that have mostly dark minerals are found ______.
  18. Complete the table of volcano characteristics:
    Type Violence Products Size Internal structure
  19. The type of volcanoes closest to us are ______.
  20. If magma has a high silica and high water content then it is associated with ______ eruptive violence.
  21. Which of these sample rocks are aphanitic, phaneritic, felsic, mafic?
  22. Explain what agents (forces) cause metamorphism.
  23. Describe the three changes to rock that occur during metamorphism.
  24. Explain how "high grade" and "low grade" metamorphic rocks differ.
  25. Describe how to recognize the two main texture groups of metamorphic rocks.
  26. Compare and contrast the two main types of metamorphism.
  27. What is the value of index minerals?