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Earthquake and Fault Vocabulary Quiz

  1. ____amplitude
  2. ____compression
  3. ____epicenter
  4. ____fault
  5. ____focus
  6. ____frequency
  7. ____longitudinal waves
  8. ____Mercalli scale
  9. ____normal fault
  10. ____period
  11. ____primary waves
  12. ____reflection
  13. ____refraction
  14. ____reverse fault
  15. ____Richter scale
  16. ____secondary wave
  17. ____seismogram
  18. ____seismograph
  19. ____shear
  20. ____strike-slip fault
  21. ____surface waves
  22. ____tension
  23. ____transverse waves
  24. ____wave
  1. A pulling force.
  2. A squeezing force.
  3. Height of the wave
  4. A numeric scale to measure ground motion.
  5. Wave in which the individual particles of a medium vibrate back and forth in the direction in which the wave travels
  6. Seismic waves that travel along the outer layers of the earth.
  7. Point on the Earth's surface above where the earthquake waves originate.
  8. Device for measuring ground motion.
  9. Scale (from I to XII) to measure the amount of damage caused by an earthquake.
  10. Point below the surface where the earthquake waves originate.
  11. A break in the Earth's surface along which movement occurs.
  12. The time for one wavelength to pass a point.
  13. A force that causes two adjacent parts of a body to slide past each other.
  14. Wave in which the vibrations of the medium are perpendicular to the direction the wave is moving.
  15. Type of fault resulting from compression forces.
  16. Type of fault resulting from shearing forces.
  17. Type of fault resulting from tension.
  18. Visual display of ground motion versus time.
  19. The change in direction (or return) of waves striking a surface.
  20. The number of back-and-forth cycles per second, in a wave or wave-like process.
  21. Seismic waves that shakes the ground back and forth perpendicular to the direction the waves are moving.
  22. Seismic waves that shakes the ground back and forth in the same direction as the direction the wave is moving.
  23. Waves change direction as they pass from one medium to another.
  24. Rhythmic disturbance that transfers energy from place to place.