Earth 1st Quarter Practice Test 2011

  1. 9-11APPF I can explain the intersection of my life style choices and societal impact on geologic systems.
    1. Explain the concept of peak oil. Look at the poster in the hall between Mr Thayer's and Mr. Frostad's room.
    2. What about the US per capita mineral needs surprised you the most? Why?
    3. What are the environmental impacts of cement production?
    4. What are the implications of a phosphate rock shortage?
    5. Describe an effect of industrialized human society that has increased chemical weathering.
    6. How much more would you be willing to spend on your 'stuff' if you insure that no more Asarcos occur here?
    7. How much more would you be willing to spend on your 'stuff' if you insure that no more Asarcos occur anywhere in the world?
    8. Think about the countries you identified as sources for your iMineral minerals. Select the country with the most uncertain political and social conditions. Discuss how your consumer choices affect that country.
  2. 9-11ES2A Provide a labeled diagram for each "I can". Remember your diagram should communicate your expert understanding!
    1. I can explain why the Earth is warmer near the equator and cooler near the poles due to the uneven heating of Earth by the Sun.
    2. I can explain and diagram how the Earth's orbit around the sun induces the seasons.
    3. I can explain how sunlight intensity and day length affect seasonal temperatures.
  3. 9-11ES2B I can explain the effects of topography on climate and climate patterns.
    1. Describe the four topographic factors that influence temperature. Give examples of each in WA state.
    2. Describe three topographic factors that influence precipitation. Give examples of each in WA state.
    3. Describe the movement of a parcel of air as it moves across the state from the Pacific ocean to Spokane. What is the relative moisture content, temperature and pressure of the parcel on its journey?
  4. 9-11ES2C I can describe the movement of carbon in the rock cycle.
    1. Explain the warm-up for Nov 1st.
  5. 9-11ES2D I can describe the uses of Earth materials and where they are found in WA state:
    1. two mineral resources
    2. two igneous or metamorphic products (include where they are forming)
    3. two sedimentary products (include where they are forming)
  6. 9-11PS2E I can explain the meaning of minerals' chemical formula.
    1. limonite - Fe2O3 · H2O
    2. chalcopyrite - CuFeS2
    3. muscovite - KAl3Si3O10(OH)2
  7. 9-11PS2G I can show how the atoms in molecules are arranged before and after a reaction with sedimentary environment chemicals.
    1. CaCl2 + Na2CO3
  8. 9-11PS2I I can explain the role of temperature and pressure in mineral and rock formation.
    1. How are the igneous rocks that cooled slowly underground (gabbro, diorite, and granite) similar?
    2. How are the igneous rocks that cooled at the surface (basalt, andesite, and rhyolite) similar?
    3. What cooled faster, granite or rhyolite?
    4. What cooled more slowly, basalt or gabbro?
    5. What can you learn about the cooling history of an igneous rock based on the size of its crystals?
    6. What are the effects of pressure and temperature changes on the minerals in metamorphic rock?
  9. 9-11SYSB I can explain the rock cycle system and its subsystems.
    1. Draw the rock cycle.
    2. Expand upon the sedimentary subsystem:
      1. Describe the two types of sedimentary rock.
      2. Clastic rocks are made of rock and mineral fragments. List the three categories of those fragments in order from the largest to the smallest fragment sizes.
      3. List the four steps for forming a sedimentary rock.
      4. Sediments from floods are often not well sorted. Explain why that is.
      5. Identify the sedimentary rocks.
      6. Complete the table below for two sedimentary rock environments.
        Environment Agents of transportation or precipitation Sediments Rock

         

         
    3. Expand upon the igneous subsystem:
      1. An igneous rock forms from the cooling and ________ of liquid rock.
      2. Igneous rocks have a distinctive ______ of interlocking _________ __________.
      3. Igneous rocks are classified by their _______ and by their ___________________.
      4. Diagram an igneous landscape. Be sure to label these features: batholith, cinder cone, granite, lava, magma, obsidian, pluton, pumice, pyroclastic, rhyolite, stratovolcano, vent
      5. Contrast the magma of a shield volcano and a caldera.
      6. The composition of igneous rocks can be determined by their ___.
      7. Identify the igneous rocks.
    4. Expand upon the metamorphic subsystem:
      1. Compare and contrast the two main types of metamorphism.
      2. Describe how to recognize the two main texture groups of metamorphic rocks.
      3. Identify the "high grade" and "low grade" metamorphic rocks.
      4. Explain what agents (forces) cause metamorphism.
  10. 9-11SYSC I can model and explain the model of WA state as a collection of physiographic provinces.
    1. Describe two geologic events that occurred in the Columbia Basin
    2. Describe the most recent significant geologic event that has occurred in the Puget Lowlands.