Biochemistry Test Review
- Why does carbon rarely form ionic compounds?
- When a single carbon atom bonds other atoms, what determines the shape of the molecule?
- Carbon can form molecules shaped like _______, _________ and ________.
- List four of the six functional groups we looked at.
- Draw a structure diagram of those four functional groups.
- Which functional group contains sulfur?
- Which functional group contains nitrogen?
- Which functional group contains phosphorus?
- What is the name of the covalent-bonding process by which monosaccharides become polysaccharides?
- A pentose sugar has ___ carbons.
- How can three sugars (glucose, fructose, galactose) with the same chemical formula (C6H12O6) behave so very differently in chemical reactions and in cells?
- An example of a plant storage polysaccharide is _________________
- An example of a plant structural polysaccharide is _________________
- An example of a animal storage polysaccharide is _________________
- An example of a animal structural polysaccharide is _________________
- Why might cooking a potato make the polysaccharides it contains easier to digest?
- Why are lipids generally repelled by water molecules?
- What is the name of the covalent-bonding process by which fat is formed?
- Glycerol, 2 fatty acids and a phosphate group combine to form a ____________ .
- When a glycerol and 3 fatty acids combine to form a ____________ there are also ___ molecules of water formed.
- Four linked carbon rings form a lipid group called ____________.
- An example of a saturated fat is __________.
- An example of an unsaturated fat is __________.
- An example of a steroid is __________.
- A fatty acid with one or more double bonds means that it is not ___________ with hydrogen atoms.
- At room temperature a saturated fat is most likely ________ (solid or liquid).
- Phospholipid are unusual lipids as they have a polar end that _______________ water.
- Why do phospholipids form bilayers in an aqueous solution?
- What is the name of the covalent-bonding process by which proteins are formed?
- List the four bond partners of an amino acid alpha carbon atom.
- How many common amino acids are there?
- What distinguishes these amino acids from one another?
- Glucose is to starch as amino acids are to _______________.
- What is the element structure of a protein backbone? List the pattern of elements.
- The sequence of a protein's amino acids determines its _____________.
- How a protein functions is determined by its ____________.
- List the four atomic/molecular interactions that help determine a protein's structure.
- An example of a storage protein is __________.
- An example of an structural protein is __________.
- An example of a protein involved with movement is __________.
- List the three components of a nucleotide.
- The two types of nucleic acids are_________ and _________ (spell them out).
- List the five nitrogenous bases.
- What is the main difference between a pyrimidine and a purine?
- When forming DNA, a pyrimidine always connects to a _________.
- List two differences between DNA and RNA.