Mitosis Vocabulary

binary fission
bacterial mode of asexual reproduction.
cell cycle
Four step process of cell division.
centriole
Two cylinders of 9 triplet pairs each of microtubules involved with movement of chromosomes in animal division.
centromere
Constricted central region of a chromosome where microtubules attach.
chromatids
The two parts of a replicated chromosome. Each is called a sister chromatid.
chromatin
DNA-protein complex that coils to form the chromosome.
chromosome
Thread-like association of DNA and proteins in a cell's nucleus.
cytokinesis
Division of the cytoplasm following mitosis.
gene
A discrete unit of hereditary information encoded in DNA.
genome
Total set of a cell's DNA.
mitosis
Eukaryotic cell division in which chromosome count is maintained.