Semester Final Exam Review

Biochemistry

Macromolecule Elements Monomers Function Examples
Carbohydrates C, H, O (H:O 2:1) monosaccharide short term energy storage sugar pasta
Lipids C, H, O, P (H:O 3:1) Fatty acids & glycerol long term energy storage and cellular structure Butter, oils, waxes
Proteins C, H, O, N, S Amino acids Important for many cell functions (storage, movement, etc.) and the maintenance and repair of cells Meat
Nucleic Acids C, H, O, N, P Nucleotides stores and transmits genetic information Meat

Characteristics Of Life

Cells: Structure & Function

Mitochondria — Provides energy for the cell Chloroplast — Does photosynthesis Nucleus — Stores genetic information
Lysosome — Digests macromolecules in the cell Ribosome — Makes proteins Vacuole — Storage for food & water
Golgi body (apparatus) — Modifies, stores, transports proteins in the cell Cell wall — Protects cell & maintains shape Cell membrane — Controls what goes in & out of the cell
Cytoplasm — The liquid in the cell Endoplasmic Reticulum — Manufactures molecules like protein & lipids
Which organelles are found in plants? All Which are found in animals? All but chloroplast and cell wall

Cells: Transport

Cellular Energy: Photosynthesis & Respiration