Biochemistry Macromolecule Project

Carbohydrates Panel Format

  1. Name of Organic Group (Carbohydrates)
  2. Elements: list the elements that compose carbohydrates.
  3. Monomer (monosaccharide C6H12O6)
    • Glue a monosaccharide here
    • List three monosaccharides.
    • Inside a glucose, diagram the structural formula.
  4. Disaccharides (C12H22O11)
    • Glue two monosaccharides here & cut out the OH & H ends and glue them together to form water.
    • List three disaccharides.
    • Label the covalent bonds and water.
  5. Polymer (polysaccharides)
    • Glue three monosaccharides here & cut out the OH & H ends and glue them together to form water.
    • List four polysaccharides.
    • Label the covalent bonds and water.
  6. Type of Chemical Reaction
    • Dehydration Synthesis or Hydrolysis?
  7. Function: list the major functions of carbohydrates, e.g., structure, energy storage, etc.
  8. Examples of Food: give several examples of food that provide carbohydrates.
  9. Indicators: list the indicators we use to identify this type of molecule and what a positive test looks like, e.g., color change.

Lipids Panel Format

  1. Name of Organic Group (Lipids)
  2. Elements: list the elements that compose lipids.
  3. Monomer (3 fatty acids, 1 glycerol)
    • Glue 3 fatty acids & one glycerol here.
    • Inside the appropriate cut-outs, diagram the structural formula for a glycerol, a saturated and an unsaturated fatty acid.
  4. Polymer (Triglyceride)
  5. Type of Chemical Reaction
    • Dehydration Synthesis or Hydrolysis?
  6. Function: list the major functions of lipids , e.g., structure, energy storage, etc.
  7. Examples of Food: give several examples of food that provide lipids.
  8. Indicators: List the indicators we use to identify this type of molecule and what a positive test looks like, e.g., color change.
 

Proteins Panel Format

  1. Name of Organic Group (Proteins)
  2. Elements: list the elements that compose proteins.
  3. Monomer (amino acid)
    • Glue an amino acid here.
    • Inside the amino acid, diagram the structural formula.
  4. Dipeptide
    • Glue two amino acids here & cut out the OH & H ends and glue them together to form water.
    • Label the peptide bond and water.
  5. Polymer (Polypeptide)
    • Glue three amino acids here & cut out the OH & H ends and glue them together to form water.
    • Label the peptide bonds and water.
  6. Type of Chemical Reaction
    • Dehydration Synthesis or Hydrolysis?
  7. Function: list the major functions of proteins , e.g., structure, energy storage, etc.
  8. Examples of Food: give several examples of food that provide proteins.
  9. Indicators: list the indicators we use to identify this type of molecule and what a positive test looks like, e.g., color change.

Nucleic Acids Panel Format

  1. Name of Organic Group (Nucleic Acids)
  2. Elements: list the elements that compose nucleic acids.
  3. DNA
    • Polymer:

      On the top half of the page, glue together four DNA nucleotides as a double helix.

    • Monomer:

      Label one nucleotide. e.g., thymine.

    • Label the three parts of a DNA nucleotide
    • Label the hydrogen bonds.
    • Function: list the function of DNA.
  4. RNA
    • Polymer

      On the top half of the page, glue together four RNA nucleotides in a single strand.

    • Monomer:

      Label one nucleotide. e.g., adenine.

    • Label the three parts of a RNA nucleotide.
    • Function: list the function of RNA.