Topography Questions

Directions: In your journal, answer the questions using complete sentences.

  1. List four topographic factors that influence temperature:
  2. List three topographic factors that influence precipitation:
  3. Make a cross-section sketch of the Washington State coast. Include these topographic features: Pacific Ocean, Olympic Mountains, the Puget Sound lowlands, Cascade mountains and the Columbia basin.
  4. On the sketch show a parcel of air coming in from the Pacific Ocean. Show the processes that happen to the parcel as it crosses the Olympic Mountains. Diagram and label your sketch to include:
    1. The air absorbing heat and moisture from the Pacific Ocean.
    2. The air rising up the windward side of the Olympic mountains. What is happening to the air pressure, air temperature and moisture?
    3. The air falling down the leeward side of the Olympics. What is happening to the air pressure, air temperature and moisture?
    4. Describe the resulting weather in the Puget Lowlands.